How to Raise Sodium Levels?

March 19, 2023 6 minutes

Are you feeling weak and more frequent headaches? It could be that your sodium levels are low. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps maintain the water balance in and around your cells. It is required for optimal muscle and nerve function. It also aids in the maintenance of steady blood pressure levels. 

The main cause of sodium deficiency is low salt consumption. Urine tests can help determine whether there are abnormal levels of sodium in your body. You might have low sodium levels if there is not enough sodium found in the body, if it is not being consumed in sufficient amounts, or if the body is unable to excrete sodium. In contrast, excreting sodium in increased amounts through urine can indicate that you have a high intake of salt and that your body is losing too much of this mineral.

If you're experiencing low sodium symptoms, it might be time to boost your sodium intake. But first consider trying some natural ways to raise your sodium levels at home. In this article, we'll explore some simple, effective ways to increase your sodium intake without relying on processed foods.

Low sodium symptoms 

lack of energy

Low blood sodium symptoms differ from person to person. If your salt levels drop gradually, you may not notice any symptoms at first, but they will appear soon. If they fall rapidly, your symptoms may become more noticeable and severe. 

Mild symptoms of low sodium levels in urine include:

  • Weakness
  • Restlessness and irritability
  • Headache
  • Mental instability

What are the causes of low sodium?

There are a few common causes of low sodium levels. The main cause of sodium deficiency is low salt consumption. Another main cause is consuming too much water without enough electrolytes, such as sodium. This can happen during endurance sports or when drinking large amounts of water in a short period of time.

The following are other causes of low sodium levels in the body: 

  • Excessive sweating 
  • Diuretic using
  • Low sodium consumption

How to check for low sodium?

There are several ways to determine your sodium levels. A blood test, which involves having a sample of your blood drawn in a laboratory and tested for several hours or a day, is a common method. Another option is a urine sodium test, which can be conducted in a laboratory or at home using special urine test strips. This method may be preferable for those who are needle-averse or prefer the convenience of testing at home.

Blood tests for low sodium levels 

A blood test may assist your doctor in determining if you have low salt levels. Even if you are not experiencing symptoms of low blood sodium, your doctor may request a basic metabolic panel. This test determines the levels of electrolytes and minerals in your blood. 

A simple metabolic panel is often included as part of a standard checkup. It may detect low blood salt levels in those who have no symptoms. 

If your levels are abnormal, your doctor will conduct a urine test to determine the salt content of your urine. This test's findings can assist your doctor in determining the reason of your low blood sodium: 

Your body is losing too much salt if your blood sodium levels are low but your urine sodium levels are high. 

Low sodium levels in your blood and urine indicate that your body is not absorbing enough sodium. There might also be an excess of water in your body. 

At-home urine test for low sodium

Another way is to take a urine sodium test, which you can do either at a laboratory or from the comfort of your own home. Urine sodium tests often help determine whether you have abnormal sodium blood levels. The normal amount of sodium in urine is generally around 20 mEq/L, so your results depend on how much fluid you intake in proportion to sodium or salt. Urine sodium tests are less painful than taking blood tests, and the preferable option if you are scared of needles. 

You can easily test for low sodium levels at the comfort of your home! Save time, reduce stress and take control of your overall wellness with Vivoo! With Vivoo’s at-home urine testyou can get real-time body data on  9 key wellness parameters like vitamin c, calcium, magnesium and sodium. Just urinate on the strip and scan to the free Vivoo App to get your results in 90 seconds! Plus, get personalized nutritional advice prepared by  nutritionists & doctors tailored specifically for your body’s needs.  

How to treat low sodium?  

Too low sodium levels as known as Hyponatremia are a clinical situation that occurs when one or more factors, such as an underlying medical condition or excessive water intake, cause the sodium levels in your body to become diluted. This results in an increase in your body's water levels, leading to the swelling of your cells.

The treatment for hyponatremia is focused on addressing the underlying cause. In some cases, simply reducing your fluid intake may be sufficient. However, if the condition is severe or caused by an underlying medical condition, intravenous electrolyte solutions and medications may be necessary to correct the sodium imbalance. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you may have hyponatremia to prevent potentially serious complications.

But when you feel like you're experiencing the aforementioned simple symptoms of sodium levels starting to drop in general, there are a few things you can do:

3 easy tips to optimize low sodium levels

water intake

Adjust water intake

Maintaining proper hydration is essential for good health, and drinking enough water is a crucial part of this. However, it is important to strike a balance and not go overboard with your fluid intake. Typically, thirst and the color of your urine can serve as reliable indicators of whether you are getting enough water.

If you are not experiencing thirst and your urine is a pale yellow color, it is likely that you are adequately hydrated. To test your urine you can try at-home urine test and take action about your body’s needs. It is important to note that individual water needs can vary depending on factors such as physical activity, climate, and underlying health conditions. Therefore, it is always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the optimal amount of water intake for your specific needs. 

Educate yourself

If you have a medical condition or take certain medications, you may be at an increased risk of developing hyponatremia, a condition where the sodium levels in your blood become too low. To prevent this, it is crucial to be aware of the signs and symptoms of low blood sodium and to speak with your doctor about any potential risks associated with new medications.

If you have an existing medical condition or take diuretic medications, it is particularly important to be vigilant about monitoring your sodium levels and to consult with your healthcare provider if you experience any symptoms of hyponatremia, such as headache, nausea, confusion.

Your doctor can work with you to develop a treatment plan that addresses any underlying medical conditions and minimizes your risk of hyponatremia. By staying informed and working closely with your healthcare team, you can help ensure that you stay healthy and hydrated while minimizing your risk of complications.

Try sports drinks 

If you're active, consume sports beverages. If you're an athlete or someone who does a lot of activities and sweats a lot, sports drinks may help you maintain proper salt levels. Sports drinks may assist you to replace lost sodium electrolytes in your system. 

It is important to note that individual hydration needs can vary depending on factors such as the intensity and duration of exercise, climate, and individual factors. Therefore, it is recommended that athletes consult with a healthcare provider or sports nutritionist to determine their optimal fluid intake during exercise and competition. By staying properly hydrated, athletes can help optimize their performance and minimize their risk of complications.

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